FIFA! For The Game! For The World!
The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) is a federation of national and continental football associations, an international governing body of football and the world’s largest sports organization.
FIFA is responsible for the organization and management of the most important international football competitions, including the most famous The World Cup. FIFA consists of 211 national associations and 6 continental confederations. The FIFA headquarters is in Zurich (Switzerland). The President is Gianni Infantino.
The need to create a single organization for the management of football of over the world has become evident in the beginning of the XX century with increasing popularity and the number of international matches. FIFA was founded on May 21, 1904 in Paris, precisely this fact that caused the French name to be used in the generally accepted full and abbreviated form. The founding countries were Belgium, Denmark, Spain, the Netherlands, France, Switzerland and Sweden. The first president of FIFA was Frenchman Robert Guerin.
FIFA is an association that was founded in accordance with the laws of Switzerland. The main governing body of FIFA is the Congress of FIFA – a meeting of representatives from each of the national federations that are part of FIFA.
In general, FIFA recognizes 207 national federations and their associated men’s national teams, as well as 129 women’s national teams. It is interesting to know that FIFA has more member states than the United Nations Organization. The FIFA teams’ rating is updated monthly and determines the place of each team, depending on their performances in international competitions of all levels and friendly matches. There is also a rating of women’s teams of FIFA, which is updated quarterly.
The first world cup was held in 1930 in Uruguay, where the home team won the trophy, defeating the Argentine team with a score of 4: 2 in the final of their neighbors. With the exception of the break associated with the Second World War, world championships since 1930 and so far are held every four years. The current champion is the national team of Germany, which won the Argentina national team at the 2014 final in Brazil. The next championship will be held in 2018 in the Russian Federation.
In addition to the World Cup and Olympic tournament, FIFA holds world championships for players aged U-17 and U-21 years. In addition, the FIFA Confederations Cup launched, the competition for champions of each confederation (plus a team of hosts and world champions), which is held every four years. For the first time this tournament was organized and held in Saudi Arabia under the name of King Fahd Cup. The current owner of the Confederations Cup is Brazil, which defeated Argentine 4-1 in Germany.
With the development of FIFA Women’s Games, the Women’s World Cup in 1991 and the Women’s World Championship began until the 20th of 2002. The women’s world championship of U-17 has begun since 2008.
FIFA also controls World Championships in modified forms of game, including beach football (FIFA World Cup) and Futsal (Futsal World Championship).